What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a mental sickness which is also known as manic depression. This disorder carries abrupt and serious shifts in moods, thinking, energy and behavior. The mood shifts from highest of mania to lowest of depression in no time. High and low are the two poles of moods; this is how it is called as bipolar disorder. Cycles of bipolar disorders may last for days, weeks or even months. People with this disorder have periods of times in which they feel quite happy and enthusiast and other periods with sluggishness and hopelessness.
What are the Signs and symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
These two conditions of this disorder; mania and depression possess different types of signs and symptoms which we are listing down.
Symptoms of Mania include:
- Feeling more impulsive
- Excessive happiness, excitement and hopefulness
- Drugs and alcohol abuse
- Sudden changes from being happy to hostile and angry
- Showing poor judgment
- Making unrealistic plans
- Poor concentration and rapid speech
- Sex drive
- Feeling increased energized and less need for sleep
- Delusions and hallucinations (in case of severity)
- Racing the thoughts; jumping from one idea to another
- Acting recklessly without caring about consequences
Symptoms of depression include:
Having the feeling of sadness and hopelessness
- Loss in appetite
- Sleep problems
- Memory problem
- Inability to feel happiness
- Loss of energy
- Feel of worthlessness
- Thinking about death or suicide
- Physical and mental sluggishness
- Uncontrollable sad emotions and crying
How to help a friend with bipolar disorder?
You can follow the flowing steps to help your friend with bipolar disorder:
If you really want to help a friend of your9 with polar disorder then the very first thing you need to do is providing the support to that person and making him feel that you are a helping hand for him all the time. Make them realize that their disorder is not a sign of weakness and it doesn’t mean that they are a burden to others. It will also strengthen your relationship with the person and he will feel much confident.
Listen to them
Be always there to listen what they are going through and have open conversations. Produce ease for them to make them able to say whatever they feel. Try to find out what can be helpful for them in their tough times.
Talk about it
Be open with them while talking about their disorder and help them feel accepted after listening their feelings and experiences.
Plan those times when they get manic periods
At times, when your friend is feeling well, you should talk to them about how you can help them during their episodes of hypomania and mania. This discussion would help you both in controlling such situations in future. Make plan of being creative that time. You can also offer them some projects or commitments. Help them in maintaining a routine and regular meals and sleep patterns should be decided.
Look after them
It is very important to look after such people both mentally and physically as they sometimes can harm themselves. Make sure that they stay well.
Encourage them for medical treatment.
Encourage your friend to continue with their regular treatment and if they haven’t started it yet, then visit the doctor with them and encourage them to follow the advice of their physician. Try to be with them and go to doctor regularly of needed.
Keep the contact number of their physician on hand
It is important to have the phone number of the physician on hand so that in case of emergency, you may contact them and save the situation from becoming unsafe.